A Primer on Entropy (The Second Law of Thermodynamics)

The significance of the Second Law of Thermodynamics (the Law of Entropy) for the question of the origin of life is profound, yet it is not well understood by the general public, as it is a field of specialized study, in engineering and physics; it is not something well taught … Continue reading

Probability and the Origin of Life

It is the common belief that the mechanism for evolution is natural selection acting on random mutations. This means that evolution is fundamentally dependent on chance. This also applies at the pre-biotic stage, which is known as chemical evolution: Simple chemicals, we are told, combined to form basic organic molecules … Continue reading

Debunking Sky & Telescope Magazine’s Attempt to Get around Evolution’s Thermodynamic Problem

In the article “The New Habitable Zones” in Sky & Telescope 118(4), October 2009, Chris Impey writes, “Life exists because we live in a universe where energy flowing through a system tends to organize that system, into ever more complex and unpredictable forms. (The Second Law of Thermodynamics is not … Continue reading